indicates more than one crore Indian are working
in different countries of the world. Indians
are working in construction industry, I. T.
industry, health profession, teaching profession
transport industry, in different Engineering
streams, domestic service, Hotel, as unskilled
worker to professional workers, scientist,
technologist, doctor, teachers and some other
These migrants are facing lot of problems
in the receiving countries. What are the problems
they usually face in receiving countries.
• National wage
of the receiving countries for the particular
industry or profession are not being paid
to Indian Migrants in all most all receiving
• Existing Social
Security Benefits of the receiving countries
are not being extended to the Indian Migrants
barring a few in all most all receiving countries.
• Promised standard
of accommodation to the Indian migrants are
not being provided by the companies of the
receiving countries. In case of workers in
construction industry, they have to stay 8-12
persons in one room like Indian Railway tier
system. For 15-25 construction workers one
toilet & bath room alloted in work site.
• Minimum Medical facilities
not extended to the migrant workers.
Where migrants are allowed to take their family
members, there education for the children
of migrant employees & professionals also
a big hurdle.
• Unscrupulous activities of
the placement Agencies of both receiving &
sending countries increases day by day. In
many cases of workers these Agencies kept
the passport of the workers with them till
the completion of the project for which they
have been hired.
• Women workers in different
profession are being harassed in so many ways
in receiving countries. In lower level job
these women are being engaged first and then
they were forced to move on to the body shopping
• In most of the cases in receiving
countries workers and employees and even in
case of professionals are not being paid the
amount they were assured to get as wage there.
• Sometime these migrants are
also facing problems to remit their hard earned
money to India.
• A large section of migrant
workers & Employees have to work
more than 8 hours a day and for extra hours
of work no extra payment is being made.
• Migrant workers
of construction industry are usually not allowed
to return home even in case of death of their
kith & kin.
• Inspite of bipertite agreement
between the migrants and the Recruiting companies
of the receiving countries that to and fro
airfare from India will be paid by the Recruiting
companies of receiving countries, but not
paid. On very flimsy ground thousands of Indian
migrants have been put behind the bar of receiving
countries. Nobody knows-- What are the reasons?
What are their personal identification? When
they will be released? Whether their family
members know their earning members are in
Who will take care of their legal battle in
the receiving countries?
• Migrants Workers are not allowed
to form union in most of the receiving countires.
Any workers protest demonstration, meeting,
procession, Strike are banned. Now I like
to raise some issues relating to the legal
framework of immigration from India. If
you go through the provisions of The
Emigration Act. 1983 you will find
certain provisions which regulate the Indian
Recruiting Agents in right direction. But
in practice, the Recruiting Agents activities
are not being monitered by the competent Govt.
authority properly. As per section 17 of the
Act— Recruiting Agents have to take
license from the Competent Authority of GOI
and that license have to renew every year.
This provisions of the Act is not being implemented
As per provisions of this Act Emigration Clearance
formalities are not being complied with. Many
unscrupulous Recruiting Agents with unholy
understanding with some officials get immigration
clearance for workers & employees without
proper verification and full satisfaction
of the credential of the Recruiting Companies
of receiving countries. The licence of Indian
Recruiting Agents are also not properly checked
and verified whether it is in order inconformity
with the provisions of the Emmigration Act.
Due to this slackness of verification in Indian
Immigration Dept. Indian migrants are facing
a lot of problems in receiving countires.
Not only this, Indian High Commission/Embassy
offices in different receiving countries are
also not taking care of Indian migrants in
those countries. Hence, on different occassions
the Indian Migrants deprived of getting all
legel help to get rid of the problems faced
in those countries.
Indian High Commission/Embassy office can
not shirk their legal responsibility of protecting
the Indian Migrants in those countires.
meeting of unions from the Asia/Pacific region consisting
of delegates from India, Mauritius, Bangladesh, Vietnam.